From October 2016 to March 2017 the team is joined by Guest Kats Rosie Burbidge and Eibhlin Vardy, and by InternKats Verónica Rodríguez Arguijo, Tian Lu and Hayleigh Bosher.

Friday, 7 August 2015

User Upload Platform-Lubbers Beware -- IFPI is Circling Safe Harbours

Taking advantage of copyright exemptions?  Is that a good thing to do because it affirms the very existence of those exemptions and their legal basis -- or is it a bad thing to do because it deflects money away from the pockets of those who have at least a moral claim to receive it?  To add fuel to discussion of this topic, here's a wee postie from North of the Border, from a former guest Kat -- Kate Manning, now of Curated Media.

Oh, the choppy waters of copyright law! While piracy is far from reaching low tide, its buccaneering on the high seas has ebbed to a certain degree and the Good Ship Rights Holders is now following a new lodestar, headed straight for safe harbours under EU law – where network service providers and user-generated sites drop anchor to limit their liability for the copyright infringement of their users.

But enough of the nautical metaphor. Self-proclaimed ‘voice of the recording industry worldwide’, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), is loud and clear: “user upload platforms, such as SoundCloud and YouTube, are taking advantage of exemptions from copyright laws that simply should not apply to them”, and have used their position to negotiate unfair licensing terms.

As reported by Torrent Freak’s Andy here, IFPI’s chief executive Frances Moore said:
“Although some user-upload services are now licensed by rights holders, those licenses were not negotiated in a fair environment because rights holders’ content was already available on the services on a mass scale and the measures available to prevent this – i.e. notice and take down and Content ID – are easily circumvented and ineffective in preventing all content being available”. The result is a “value gap” – “artists and record producers are not being paid fairly for the use of their music”.
IFPI has diplomatically stated that it’s looking for legislative clarification of the safe harbour exemptions. But what it seems to mean by clarification is a restriction of the law, so that safe harbours will only be available to passive intermediaries – with the effect that any service that “curates and monetises content” or is “active in distributing content”, would have to “license on fair market terms in the same way that services such as Deezer and Spotify do”.

This is tricky. Would placing user-generated sites within the same bracket as digital subscription services really be an effective method of controlling the use of copyright works? Would artists, authors and other creators of works really benefit and get the compensation they feel they deserve? Is the idea even relevant? The subscription service market is relatively new, and user-generated sites and the authors of copyright works are becoming wise to it, setting up their own in competition to established giants (e.g. the launch of Jay Z’s Tidal earlier this year and the impending launch of YouTube’s Music Key). 
What do IPKat readers think?
Roomba-Riding Shark Cat here

1 comment:

Tim Kuik said...

At copyright protection foundation BREIN we represent makers as well as publishers, producers and distributors (of music, film, books and games). We have a seen all kinds of sites/services fostering user shared or user uploaded content for further distribution and profiting from it without sharing it with makers and right holders. All try to apply for limited liability as providers of hosting, access or caching. Do makers benefit if such sites need licensing? They most certainly do not if no license is needed. Then their work is used for free and proceeds are pocketed by the site-owners. If there is a concern that makers are not getting a fair share, there are other mechanisms to create a level playing field instead of denying them their copyright to their work.

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